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Glossary

Accredited investor

A sophisticated investor with professional knowledge of and/or experience in a single or multiple asset class. Qualifying investors typically have to meet minimum income/net worth requirements and/or belong to certain professional groups

Alternative investment

An investment in an asset outside of the three traditional asset classes; stocks, bonds or cash

Asset

Anything owned that holds current, future or potential monetary benefit

Blockchain

A shared, distributed digital ledger that records the provenance of a digital asset

Brownfield investment

Brownfield is an urban planning term, which refers to land that has been used previously and has been lying vacant/unused. Brownfield investments are those where this land is either fully repurposed towards a new projects or the existing asset is repaired.

Capital Gain

The profit earned on the sale of an asset

Capital Gains Tax

A tax incurred on the profit made from selling an asset

Capitalisation rate (cap rate)

A real estate metric calculated using a property's net operating income as a percentage of its value. The lower the cap rate, the more expensive a property is deemed

Commercial real estate (CRE)

A non-residential property that is used for commercial profit-making purposes such as an office space

Diversification

A risk management strategy that limits the exposure to a single asset by investing in a range of assets/asset types with the intention that positive performance in one asset type can offset the negative performance of another

Greenfield investments

Greenfield is an urban planning term, which refers to land that has not been used before and remains in its original form e.g. a forest or a field. A greenfield project is built from scratch on this land.

Impact Investing

Investing with the intention of reaping measurable positive social and/or environmental return alongside a financial return

Internal Rate of Return (IRR)

IRR is used to determine the profitability of an investment by calculating the year-on-year expected growth in value of an investment

Investment Portfolio

A collection of asset classes that an investor holds, such as stocks and bonds

Liquid Asset

An asset that can quickly and easily be exchanged into cash while keeping its market value stable

Net Operating Income (NOI)

A property’s operating expenses subtracted from its gross operating income

Occupancy Rate

The ratio of occupied and/or rented space to the total amount of space available to be leased. This percentage is used to estimate anticipated cash flow with regards to real estate and in particular, commercial or industrial property

Passive Income

Income that continues to be earned even after the initial work on an investment is completed

Portfolio Diversification

Investment within multiple asset classes that combine to reduce an investor's overall risk profile

Real-world assets

An investment asset class that covers investments in physical assets such as real estate, energy and infrastructure

REIT

An abbreviation of ‘Real Estate Investment Trust’. A REIT is most commonly a listed company that invests in property or property loans.

Renewable Energy Infrastructure

Infrastructure that is used to generate the production of electricity or heat or both, from renewable sources such as solar, wind or water

Rental yield

The annual return that is achieved from renting out a property, as a percentage of the total value of the property

Security Token

The digital representation of a direct or indirect investment that is stored on a Blockchain ledger

Smart Contract

Similar to a traditional contract, a smart contract is an automatable and enforceable agreement, written digitally and stored on the blockchain

Stock Market Volatility

A measure of how much the stock market's overall value fluctuates

Tokenization

A process of issuing a Security Token on a Blockchain that digitally represents investment in an asset in the physical world

WAULT

An abbreviation of weighted average unexpired lease term used to describe the average remaining lease length on a property or a portfolio of properties

Hedgehog is the trading name of Hedgehog Invest Limited, which is registered in England and Wales under company number 13336465 and has its registered office at 167-169 Great Portland Street, 5th Floor, London W1W 5PF. Hedgehog Invest Limited (FRN 961050) is an Appointed Representative of Khepri Advisers Limited (FRN 692447) which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority of the United Kingdom. Copyright © 2022 Hedgehog Invest Limited. All rights reserved. Your capital is at risk and investments are not protected by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS). The value of your investments can go down as well as up, so you could get back less than you invested. Stated returns are forecasted and may not reflect the reality of your return on investment. Nothing contained in the Hedgehog website constitutes investment legal, tax or other advice, or recommendation on the merits, suitability or appropriateness of any investment product. The information contained herein should not be relied on when making any investment or other decision. If you require any investment or other advice, you should contact your financial or other professional adviser.‍Only qualified investors in the UK, US and Switzerland are eligible.

Hedgehog is the trading name of Hedgehog Invest Limited, which is registered in England and Wales under company number 13336465 and has its registered office at 167-169 Great Portland Street, 5th Floor, London W1W 5PF. Hedgehog Invest Limited (FRN 961050) is an Appointed Representative of Khepri Advisers Limited (FRN 692447) which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority of the United Kingdom. Copyright © 2022 Hedgehog Invest Limited. All rights reserved. Your capital is at risk and investments are not protected by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS). The value of your investments can go down as well as up, so you could get back less than you invested. Stated returns are forecasted and may not reflect the reality of your return on investment. Nothing contained in the Hedgehog website constitutes investment legal, tax or other advice, or recommendation on the merits, suitability or appropriateness of any investment product. The information contained herein should not be relied on when making any investment or other decision. If you require any investment or other advice, you should contact your financial or other professional adviser.‍Only qualified investors in the UK, US and Switzerland are eligible.